The Tower of Babel was built soon after Noah’s flood in the plain of Shinar. The tower was constructed out of baked bricks which were most likely kiln-dried with fire, see Genesis 11:3. The builders’ purpose was to make a name for themselves by creating a city with a tower that would reach the heavens and to protect themselves from another flood.
In short, babel means confusion. Looking a little deeper, the Hebrew word Babel or Babylon, בָּבֶל, means "confusion” (by mixing) and is derived from the Hebrew word, balal, which means “to mix, mingle, confuse, confound”. The name, Tower of Babel, is fitting since God eventually confused the builders’ language so they couldn’t understand one another.
The Tower of Babel was located in the plain of Shinar which is most likely in present-day Iraq. In Hebrew, Shinar means the “country of two rivers” which refers to the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers that flow through Iraq.
Genesis 10:8-10 gives some background information about the land of Shinar and says that Nimrod was a mighty hunter before the Lord and the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.
Nimrod, as mentioned earlier, founded the city of Babel and other cities in Shinar. He and his officials were probably the driving force behind the tower. His government would have been responsible for planning, gathering the resources and eventually building the Tower of Babel.
The Bible says in Genesis 11:3 (NJKV), “Then they said to one another, ‘Come, let us make bricks and bake them thoroughly.’ They had brick for stone, and they had asphalt for mortar.” Let’s look at the words asphalt and brick. You might have been surprised to find the word asphalt in the Bible. This word is transliterated as chemar, and means bitumen or asphalt.
According to the Merriam-webster dictionary, bitumen is: an asphalt of Asia Minor used in ancient times as a cement and mortar. In ancient times bitumen was collected from seepages in the ground and then mixed with other materials to create the desired strength and consistency.
Also, the word bricks referred to in Genesis 11:3 comes from the word lebenah which means bricks or burnt tile and is the same word used in Exodus to describe what the Hebrew slaves made for the Egyptians. The word lebenah could also have a reference to a white or chalky clay of which bricks were made.
There is no complete description of the Tower of Babel available today, such as what it looked like, or its height, length and width. However, we can gather some clues about what it might have looked like from the information the Bible provides.
First, it probably was a very massive structure at its base, since the tower’s top was supposed to reach to the heavens. We don’t know how tall the structure was before God intervened, but if God took notice, humans must have been able to see it from miles away.
The brick used to build the tower may have been white or a chalky clay color, based on the word lebenah which translates as brick. The material used to cement or bind the bricks together probably was a dark color because it was derived from bitumen which is loosely related to our modern-day asphalt.
The Tower of Babel was built after Noah’s flood and before the time of Abraham. The Biblical narrative of Babel in Genesis 11 follows the genealogies of Noah and comes before the story of Abraham in Genesis chapter 12.
According to Genesis 11:7, 8, God caused the people to stop building the Tower of Babel because He confused their language causing the people to scatter over the face of the earth.
Nothing more is said about the Tower of Babel and its destruction in the Bible, however, several early historians record the tradition that God destroyed the tower with a great wind.
The Tower of Babel represents several things, one of which is the lack of trust humans often have toward God and what He says. God promised there would never be another flood and even reminded humans with the rainbow that appears during rain showers. Nevertheless, those who didn’t trust God built the Tower of Babel in their own self-reliance, stubbornness and self-sufficiency for protection against God, just to be on the safe side.
As you take a look at the story of the Tower of Babel what comes to mind? Is there something in your life that you are stubbornly persisting in and struggling to complete, even though God has already made provisions in this area? Are you willing to surrender and trust the outcome to God?
Or perhaps you feel like communication is breaking down with your family, partner or friends and you need God’s help to bring order to the confusion? God is near. He is willing, ready and able to help in any time of need. Why not ask Him to help in your situation.